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Oral Segmentation, Graph the Sounds

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Activity Type: Build Accuracy
Activity Form: Game
Grade: 1
Group Size: Small Group
Length: 15 minutes
Materials: Picture cards, (Print them here), Image:Graph the Sounds.doc page
Goal: Given a word, the student can segment it into separate phonemes.
Items: 1 syllable words

What to do

  1. Before introducing the game, print and photocopy enough Graph the Sound Pages for each student to have one (Image:Graph the Sounds.doc). Copy the graph onto the chalkboard so all students can see it.
  2. Today you are going to work in small groups to count and graph the number of sounds you hear in a word. Let’s practice.
  3. Display a picture card for all students to see. What is this a picture of? Call on one of the students who has raised their hand. Good. This is a picture of a cat.
  4. Now we need to figure out how many sounds we hear in “cat.” What is the first sound? Call on a student. Good. The first sound we hear is /c/. Write /c/ on the board. What sound do we hear next? Excellent. We hear /a/ next. Write /a/ on the board. What sound do we hear after /a/? Very good. Next we hear /t/. Write /t/ on the board. What sound do we hear next? Excellent! I tried to trick you. There is no sound after /t/!
  5. Now we need to count the sounds. How many sounds are in “cat?” Perfect. We have 3 sounds in cat.
  6. Can anyone show me how I would show there are 3 sounds using my graph? Choose one student to come to the front of the room and fill in the graph.
  7. When you work in your group, you all need to work together. One person will start. They will do the sounds for the first word. Everyone else in the group needs to check his work. You should all fill in your graphs at the same time. Then the next person in the circle will do the second word, the person after him will do the third word and so on. Remember, when it is not your turn, you need to check everyone else’s work!
  8. To use this activity more than once, print Picture cards, glue them over the pictures on the Switch the Sound Page, and photocopy.
  9. Observe students play the game. For students who struggle, give them help and make a note in an Activity Log.

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