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Phoneme Substitution, Switch the Sound

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Activity Type: Build Accuracy
Activity Form: Game
Grade: K, 1
Group Size: Whole Class
Length: 5 minutes
Goal: Given a written and spoken word, the student can say the substitution needed to form a given new word (mat = "mat", what substitution for "cat" -> /m/ to /c/).
Items: 1 syllable words

What to do

  1. Before beginning the activity, create a list of word pairs. Each word pair should have a difference of just one phoneme. For example, use the word pair “man” and “can.”
  2. Today we are going to play a game. You have to listen very carefully in order to play this game. Raise your hand if you think you can listen carefully. Good!
  3. I am going to say a word. I want you to listen to each and every sound you hear in the word. Then I am going to switch one of the sounds and say a new word. Your job is to tell me what sound I switched. Do you think you can do that?
  4. Here we go. “Mat.” Your first word is “mat.” Now I am going to switch one of the sounds. “Rat.” “Rat.” What sound did I switch?
  5. Call on a student with his hand raised. Excellent. I switched “/m/” to “/r/”. Let’s keep going.
  6. Continue giving word pairs. Try changing beginning, middle, and end phonemes, depending on your students’ abilities.
  7. If students get really good at the game, ask them to come to the front of the room and try to come up with their own word pair to stump their classmates.
  8. Observe students play the game. For students who struggle, give them help and make a note in an Activity Log.

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